Where to place marker

Pattern states for set up row: P17, place locking marker in the case on edge (not on needles), p. 38…

Where does the marker go? Around the 17th stitch?

Could you tell us the name of the pattern, what it is for, and where this instruction happens?

Is “case” the right word or has spell check thrown in a gremlin?

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Sorry “cast” not case.

Pattern is a women’s “jumper” called Knickerbocker Glory. https://www.ravelry.com/patterns/library/knickerbocker-glory-jumper

This is for the upper back of sweater and involves German short rows

After casting on,
Set up row: P17, place a locking marker on the cast-on edge (not on the needles), P38, place a locking marker in cast-on edge (not on the needles), P17.
Short Row 1: K to second marker, K3, GSR
Short Row 2: P to second marker, P3, GSR

I don’t understand the short row instructions either.

Hiya, as this is a top down sweater, I think the stitch markers are there to mark the neck opening for when you pick up stitches for the neck band. So I would place the marker between stitch 17 and 18 through the cast on edge.
The point of the German short rows is to shape around the neck opening, so there will be a bit of a peak around stitch 17, with a dip to the inside for the back neck and to the outside for the shoulder slope.
So place the markers as stated and turn. I’m assuming that the second marker is the second one you placed rather than the second one on the needle. You are on the right side so knit to 3 stitches past the first marker that you get to. Turn, slip the first stitch purlwise with yarn in front, then pull that stitch up hard to make a double stitch from the head of the stitch below. This brings the yarn almost to the back so carry on and bring it right round to the front again to the purl position ( as you are now on the wrong side), and purl what should be another 5 stitches.
I would expect the next instructions to tell you if there are further short rows on that side. At some point, you’ll work across and repeat the short rows around the other marker.
You should end up with a back piece with higher shaping at the sides of the neck. When you come to work the front, you’ll probably be picking up the front stitches in the section between the side edge and the stitch marker.

As I understand it this may be the typical increase in rows across the back to lift the neck. That improves the fit of the sweater and keeps it from pulling to the back at the neck.
As Mel61 posted, the GSR shape the neck opening.
It would look like this where you begin at the top line with a purl row then follow the second line down, a knit row for the GSR.

If you need a German short rows how to, here’s a video.

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Eye catching design!
You’ll be a short row expert by the time you finish this as it’s in a few places in the pattern.

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Thanks so much!