I am new to knitting. Really eager to learn. My pattern reads…cast on 44 stitches, purl to last 5 stitch

Welcome to KH!
Under the Free Videos tab at the top of the page there are videos to show you how to cast on and how to purl.
Cast on 44stitches. For your first row, purl across to the last 5stitches.
What pattern are you following? Can you give us a pattern name or link?

Thank you for response. the pattern is from Annie’s craft store. It is the CHAGALL HAT. Pattern…cast on 44 stitches. knit row 1, shape hat…row 1(rs) knit to last 5 stitches, turn. Row2…purl to last 10 stitches, knit 10 and repeat. I don’t understand the turn part. thx, Denise

Cute hat.

Turn as you would at the end of a row. There’ll still be sts on the left needle (5sts) but leave them, turn and purl back to 10sts before the end of row, knit the last 10sts.
These are called short rows.

Thx so much!!! This site is wonderful.