How to understand these rows?

Hi every one

I am a new member here , i registered here for getting help from you

I am working on a pattern and i found it [COLOR=“Red”]here[/COLOR]
and this part which i confused with it:

Change to larger needles and p the next row, dec 5(5-5-9-9-11) sts across – 89(101-113-
121-133-143) sts. Join CC and work even in Pat St until piece measures 4” from beg, end on WS.
Dec 1 st each end of next row, then every 1¼(1¼-1½-1¾-2-2¼)” twice more – 83(95-107-115-
127-137) sts. Work even until piece measures 8½(8½-9-9½-10-10½)” from beg, end on WS. Inc
1 st each end of next row, then every 1½” twice more – 89(101-113-121-133-143) sts. Work even
until piece measures 12½(12½-13-13½-14-14½)” from beg, end on WS.

i need to understand in details how to knit this part of patterns, i don’t understand is it one row or more ?
and from which direction to decrease ?

and what this mean [COLOR=“red”]dec 5(5-5-9-9-11) sts across – 89(101-113-
121-133-143) sts[/COLOR].?

This part of the pattern covers many, many rows.
You cast on 94sts (for the smallest size) for this pattern. Now the instructions are telling you to decreae 5sts across a purl row. Decrease about every 15 or 16sts so that by the end of the row you have 89sts.
After 4inches from the beginning, decrease one st at [I]each[/I] end of the right side row and decrease again after 1 1/4inches and again after 1 1/4inches. Now work even until 8 1/2inches from the beginning and then on a right side row, increase at [I]each[/I] side. Increase at each side after 1 1/2inches and then again after 1 1/2inches.
Now work without increases or decreases until you have 12 i/2inches from the beginning.

The numbers outside the bracket are for the extra small size. The ones inside the brackets are for the small, medium, etc sizes. It will help if you print the pattern out and read through the whole pattern, circling the numbers for the size you want. This way you won’t be confused as you work the rows.

My dear salmonmac, thank you on the clear explain

fatoldladyinpjs, thank you , i will do what you say
i am just going to ask if some sts remain without knit
such as when i am doing the GAUGE, the pattern requests to cast on 22 sts
so at the first row of GAUGE i had one st without work
and the same story in the third row i will have 3 sts and i don’t know what should i do with them?

and this chart explain what i did with the first row in GAUGE

The second , are there some videos or pictures explain this statment " insert needle under running thread between the st just slipped and the next st and knit this thread,"?? may i did mistake with it

The pattern repeat is 4st plus 1 edge st. When the gauge tells you it’s 22sts per 4inches, cast on a greater number of sts so that you won’t have to count the edge sts in your measurement. They are smaller and will give you the wrong measurement of actual gauge. Cast on 29sts to do the gauge in this case. That will give you a multiple of 4 plus 1.
To see the increase by lifting the thread between sts, go to the Free Videos tab at the top of this page and look under Increases, M1L. The video shows knitting the thread through the back loop and you may want to just knit as usual since that’s what your pattern says.

Aha ,the reason of confusing was this ,
now for gauge i will cast on 24 plus 1=25

Thanks alot dear salmonmac on your enough expalin, now i will start wrok and if i find any misunderstand i will not hesitate to get help from you or from any expert here

thaaaanks

You will often see knitting patterns written this way. For example, I’ve been doing a lot of baby patterns for my daughter who’s expecting. They might have several sizes listed: newborn, 6 months, or 12 months. You’ll have directions something like this:
Cast on 20 (24,28) stitches. This means I would cast on 20 sts for the newborn size, 24 for the 6 month, and 28 for the 12 month size. You want to be careful because sometimes the directions get tricky. It might say to increase 0 (1,1) stitches. This means that I wouldn’t do any increase for the newborn size, but I would increase one stitch for both the 6 and the 12 month sizes.

Sometimes patterns will give you the stitch count. This is the number of stitches that you should have on the needle after you do a certain pattern or number of increases and decreases. This will also be written in that manner. At the end of the row it will say: 30 (32,34) sts or sts on needle. I will have 30 stitches on the needle for the newborn size, 32 for the 6 month, and 34 for the 12 month size. This is a check for you to make sure you’re doing the pattern right.