What you got are cable needles, used for hats in particular, & if small enough, socks maybe (I haven’t made socks yet). You probably need double pointed needles (dpns) to make gloves (I am just starting my first pair). Dpns come 5 to a pack, coz you need about 3 or 4, plus a working needle. They are straight like a regular needle, but without the stopper at the end to keep the yarn from falling off. Each needle has a point at each end. That way you can work from both ends of the needle. You can see how to use them on a video here on this site.
You can also use very long cable needles to make things in the round with the Magic Loop Method, which lets you knit straight, but it turns out being a circle (in the round) when you are done. There is a great video of it here on this site. You might could use it for your gloves. I am just starting on the Fetching gloves from the knitty site. I’m using dpns. Which ones are you knitting?