I am a fairly new knitter and have a pattern that says “is worked on 42 stitches” Is this the same as casting on 42 stitches?

Yes, I would say so.

Is it an actual pattern for an item, or is it just a stitch pattern? If it’s an actual pattern it [I]should[/I] say somewhere “cast on ___ stitches”.

Thanks for responding. It is an actual pattern. All the patterns in the book say cast on, except this one and it says “is worked on 42 stitches”. So I’ll give it a go and cast on 42 stitches and see how it works out. The pattern is worked in 3 panels and then put together. It’s for a baby shawl. Thanks again for your response. I’ll let you know how it goes. Rhonda