Help with understanding pattern

I’m making this: https://knitrowan.com/en/free-patterns/gypsy-hat

Two questions:

  1. How do I “cast off but NOT fasten off“?
  2. I’ve created the first two twist sections, but I’m really not understanding how it’s supposed to turn into the photo. I think I’m misunderstanding the transition? The above might answer this honestly.

Welcome to KH!
Cast off the sts. There’ll be one stitch left on the right needle. Open up that stitch so that you can pass the yarn ball through the opening. That’s fastening off. The yarn will still be attached to the cable band, ready to turn and pick up sts for the main body of the hat.

Why do you have 2 twist sections? As I understand it, you make one twist band by repeating the 8 row pattern until you have 58cm?

Thanks!
The way it was described, I was doing one at a time :woman_shrugging:t3: I’ve started over.

So, if I’m understanding correctly, I should cast off until the last stitch?

Yes, you’ll have one stitch left on the right needle (this is the way a cast off usually ends). Pull the yarn ball through that stitch to “fasten off”.