thanks, susan. I do understand that the WS rows are the even numbered rows, etc. It seems however that after completing the 3rd row, my stitches appear to be ready for knitting...not purling, that is why im confused. Also, on row 5, it says to increase to 36 stitches from the 24 I already have. I'm confused with that as well, because 24 + 6 increased stitches isn't 36!!! Arrgh, i was doing so well, now I'm confused all over again! Any additional help would be great!