Ponchos are almost patternless.
they come in several basic shapes, all mostly simple geometic shapes, and are easy to knit.
i have 2 favorite styles, here are some images:
the rhomus (/....)
(it doesn't look like a rhombus folded this way,
but it is.)
you can read a tutorial about the basic shapes in my blog (September archives, Sept 12 and
Here are to more images of another square knit in round poncho:
swallowtail 1 and 2
the rhombus is the easiest, (and if you want a higher/ tighter/rounder neck, you can start with some ribbing to make a crew or turtle neck)
i tend to soften the edge by using a novelty yarn
figure out how many stitches you need to make:
16 inches (small/childs) to 20/22 inches(large/adult) of knitting.
fudge number slightly if needed, to have an even number (for rhombus style)
Or a multiple of 4 for square knit in the round.
([color=red]note:[/color] depending on yarn/gauge and other factors,
the square might not be a perfect square (note how the side (sleeve edge) slope in this image--this poncho isn't quite a square!
After you swatch, and get your number of stitches,
cast on that number.
join into round.
one at stitch 1 and a middle stitch
(--ie if you have 100 stitches, 1 at stitch 1, and one at stitch 50)
work 1 round with no increase.
when you come to marker, YO, slip marker, knit 1 (or 2 or 3) Yo.
(2 increases at each marker, 4 increases in one round)
next round, work even (no increases)
repeat: increase round and no increase round until poncho is long enough.
the square knit in round is almost the same, but you place 4 markers, (each marker sets off 1/4th of the stitches)
This results in 8 increases every other round.
to make it more interesting to knit, work in a stitch pattern,
or start and end with a different yarn, or add a fringe
besure to swatch in pattern, if you plan on using one!
the poncho with the cables is a bit more effort,
since the center 'band' is wide, and the basic shape is made by increases, it means the edge is sloped/slanted .
these edges / are longer than the straight part of the knitting |
(think of a right triangle, one side= 3, bottom = 4 but slanted edge (hypotoumus)=5!)
so the cables need to have some short rows snuck in, to be longer--(since the edge is longer)
but in the small square purple one, there are only 3 stitches between the Yo's, and these will stretch--no short rows needed.
a Round poncho is very similar, you still make 8 increases every other round, just DON'T LINE THEM UP!
Do line them up, but make 16 increases (2 increases at 8 different points) and only increase every 4th round!
this sweater has a round yoke done in just that way!
the i-cord stems 'hide' the increases--and add a decorative touch.
(a simple lace would work too, with the increase YO's being work in addition too, or as part of part of a lacy design!)
the i-cord and leaves, and added flowers dress up what is a very basic design.
if you just continued to make 16 increases (and didn't divide work for sleeves/back/front) you'd end up with a round poncho.