With fur yarns, I was lost as well, at the beginning. It's until you start to see the pattern through the fur. (hold it up against a light source).
As for pompon yarn, I have heard a discussion between two ladies, one of which explained how to do it.
It's hard to explain, but basically, you have these strands between the pompoms. You knit one strand without pompom, then one with, and so on, alternating...
(I haven't tried honestly, because it seems like a royal PITA, but good luck to you)