For my socks, I have an old basic pattern for men's socks that I learned back, ummm like 40+ years ago? Nothing fancy.
So when I want to do my own style of socks, I just make variations on this old basic. Scottish knee socks? Heavy-duty wool socks? Dainty lacy socks?
Same pattern. Then I work the gauge to decide what size needles to use [for heavier or lighter yarns] and I'm off to the races.
This adapting technique has stood me in good stead and carries me through a number of otherwise-not-well-written sock patterns.
Hope this helps,